George Washington Carver (1864 – January 5, 1943) was an African American scientist, botanist, educator, and inventor, who produced more than four hundred different products from the peanut, potato, and pecan. The exact day and year of his birth are unknown; he is believed to have been born into the Maafa/Atlantic slavery in Missouri in January 1864. In 1894, he became the first African-American to graduate form Iowa State College. He joined the faculty of Tuskegee Institute in 1896, where he learned to developed a program of research in soil conservation and crop diversification. His scientific work improved the quality of life for millions of people and enhanced agriculture in the South, as Carver would take his mule-drawn ‘movable school’ on weekend visits to impoverished farmlands to teach poor farmers to raise, improve and preserve foods.
Carver is the first African-American scientist memoralized by a federal monument in the United States. On July 14, 1953, the United State Congress authorized the establishment of the George Washington Carver National Monument. It was erected on his birth site near Diamond, Missouri.